What do you need to adopt a child?

What do you need to adopt a child?

Best Answers

  • Answer ✓
    This is a great question! Adoption is a lot more complex than people might think. It's not as simple as just 'signing up. The answer to your question is a lot longer than can be answered here, but I'll give you a quick rundown. 

    First off, you have to decide what kind of adoption you want. There are three basic types- foster to adopt, domestic infant adoption, and international adoption. There are pros and cons to each, and the process is somewhat different to adopt through the different channels. These three articles give a general overview defining the types of adoption and the basic process for each of them. 

    https://adoption.com/baby-adoption-guide (domestic infant adoption)
    https://adoption.com/international-adoption-guide (international adoption)
    https://adoption.com/guide-to-adopting-from-foster-care (foster adoption)

    Once you have decided which type of adoption you want to pursue, you will want to consult with a professional who specializes in that type of adoption. You could contact an agency, private lawyer, adoption consultant, etc. 

    While there are differences between the three types of adoption, they do share many of the same general requirements. You will need to be able to pass a background check and a home study to ensure that you can provide a suitable environment for a child. You will then need to match with an expectant parent or a child who is eligible for adoption, and finalize the adoption. This is a very oversimplified list, your adoption professional will be able to help you through the specifics of each step. 

    You also need funding to adopt a child. Domestic infant and international adoption can be quite pricey, so be prepared for that. There are grants you can apply for, and many people take out loans or use their savings. 

    The most important thing you will need is patience and love. The adoption process can at times be emotionally taxing- there can be a lot of waiting and expenses and disappointment. But it is also wonderful. Educate yourself as best you can and surround yourself with people who can support you through the process. 

    Good luck!
  • Answer ✓
    Annaleece gave a fantastic answer! In general, along with love and patience an Annaleece mentioned, you will need a safe home and resources to take care of a child. This does not at all mean that you need to be rich, but you need to be financially stable enough that you can support the needs of that child. You will also need to be able to afford the costs of adoption, however there are ways adoption may be free (foster care adoption) and also ways to fundraise for adoption and grants you can apply for. 

    As far as a secure home, childproofing is relatively simple and space does not need to be excessive. If you have a room and a bed for your child, you are on the right track. You can consult with an adoption agency on the requirements for adoption and the household needs you might encounter. 

    If you have partner, you need to make sure that they are on board with the adoption. In addition to adequate funds and space, children need a stable home in which to enter. Do a self evaluation to see if you are ready for that and if you can provide this stability. It is common to want to bring a child into your home. However, if you are experiencing and marital discord or relational issues, bringing a child into the picture will not fix it nor is it fair to the child. 

    It is also ok to work and be dedicated to your job. However, you may need to make considerations on the time you have for a child. Life will change extensively when you have a child. Plan now to make sure you have the night to dedicate to your child or the childcare you need to go about your day to day. 
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