While most consider open adoption to be in the best interest of the child, what situations call for closed or limited openness in adoption? This article takes a look at the pros and cons of open adoption for you to make a decision that will forever impact your child.
Weighing the Pros and Cons of Open Adoption
Open adoptions, as opposed to traditional adoptions, allow birth parents to stay involved in their children’s lives even after the adoption has been finalized.
Twenty years ago, 1 percent of domestic adoptions were open. Now, 60 percent to 70 percent of domestic adoptions are open, which is why many agencies, whether advocates or opponents of the trend, offer open adoptions as an option.
Although many still consider open adoptions controversial, those who have researched the practice say that some of the fears are unwarranted. Harold Grotevant, whose Minnesota/Texas Adoption Research Project has followed 720 active adoption participants for more than 15 years, says, “For people who want to do an open adoption, we have found no evidence that it is harmful.” Grotevent does add a caveat: “It makes your family more complicated. It is not necessarily the best route for everyone.”